March 17, 2009

Federalism in Bolivia

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1871 debate in the National Assembly in Sucre between Lucas Mendoza de la Tapia (Cbba) and Evaristo Valle (La Paz), leader of the "unitarios". Mendoza de la Tapia argued that federalism would end the revolutions and dictatorships by giving the regions more autonomy. Valle never argued against adopting federalism, but simply said that the country was not ready for it. Before engaging in institutional reforms the customs should be changed.

1874 - 1877 Andres Ibanez (Sta. Cruz) was a leader of the Santa Cruz delegation in the National Assembly, and amalgamated federalist and, what he called "igualitarian" ideals, which really were socialist. The elites were scared of his political advancements. He established the Junta Superior del Estado Federativo Oriental. He was persecuted by President H. Daza and killed in 1877.

1898 - 1899 Federal Civil War between La Paz and Sucre. Arguments for bringing the government to La Paz: Most of the state revenue came from La Paz, Sucre did not produce anything, it had too few inhabitants and was too isolated. Liberales in La Paz against Conservadores in Sucre. Federico Zuazo and Jose Manuel Pando are the leaders of the movement. Zuazo left the National Assembly after it passed the infamous Ley de radicatoria, rendering the debate over federalism and La Paz as capital as ended.