December 29, 2008

The Shape of the New State

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The above graph was published by La Razon today. It gives a glimpse of the future shape of the state. For instance, the president and vicepresident will be elected directly if they get 51% of the vote. If not, they, at least, would've have to obtained 40% with a 10% difference with the second runner up. If this does not happen, the new constitution opened the possibility to a second round of elections between the two most voted candidates.

For the legislative branch, the lower chamber will have 130 members to be elected in a mixed-member proportional representation system. That means, roughly half of the members will be elected by closed lists and the other half will be elected per district, directly. The senate will have 36 members, one more per department than today.

The judicial branch will have a Supreme Justice Tribunal, a Tribunal for Agrarian and Environment, Plurinational Constitutiona Tribunal and Consejo de la Magistratura (the instance in charge of controlling and overseeing the judicial branch). The justices will all be elected, and not nominated as it is now.

Lastly, the new constitution will create a new kind of authority, the indigenous authority. This person will exercise authority in these "indigenous regions" according to the uses and customs of the region.

So much for the new structure of the state.

The tentative schedule is as follows:

January 25, 2009: the approval of the new constitution
December 6, 2009: general elections of the new authorities
April 4, 2010: election of prefects, mayors and governors