March 12, 2007

Bolivian Constituent Assembly: MOP, MNR - A3 and MIR's Proposals

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On 28 February, the assembly's session continued with the presentations of the political forces' visions for the new state. The first organization was Movimiento Originario Popular, MOP (Originary Popular Movement), which stems from north Potosi.

For MOP, the state should be multi-national, popular, intercultural, unitary, and based on solidarity, without social exclusion. The state should be decentralized with national, departmental, regional and municipal levels. The democracy should be participative and communal.

The legislative branch should be unicameral, with the option to re-call. Congressmen should be able to be elected from the 18th year of life, without the possibility to reelection, they shouldn't have immunity, and they should be selected by the uses and customs (which means where they come from).

The executive branch should have only a head of state (no vice-president), no option to reelection, the re-call option applies here as well, alternative elections per gender, no immunity.

The judicial branch should have judges who are elected democratically, incorporate communal justice, with citizen's control, free of cost for citizens.

A fourth branch called 'control ciudadano' or citizens' control branch.

"administrative decentralization with process to autonomy for departments, municipalities, regions and indigenous communities under the control of the state" (what that means, I am not sure).

The second presentation was that of MNR - A3, by its representatives, Freddy Soruco and Roberto Vaca.

The state should implement autonomy under national unity. There should be politic and administrative decentralization, as well as participative democracy.

The state should have armed forces which provide security. There should be Army, Navy, Air Force and Police.

The democracy should be representative.

Land should not be communal, otherwise credits could not be created. The land should belong to whom it works it. Cooperatives of credit could be created.

Education (private and public) should be free (yes, you are reading right). Each department should design its own educational programs, assuring that religion and civics is taught.

Family is the base of society. Government officials should be obliged to be married, as a good example.

Any Bolivian from 16 years and up should be able to vote.

The presentation of MIR.

The state should be decentralized politically, but the unity of the judicial and the administrative should be preserved. The state should have autonomous departments. The state should be pluralistic and egalitarian.

The legislative branch should be based in parliamentarism, with two chambers (representation for the population and territory).

The economic model should allow for the free intervention of the citizens, and should be flexible enough to adapt itself to different conditions.

The new constitution should allow the ownership of agricultural land, the security of private and public investments, and should allow the gain of profit for the sustainable exploitation of renewable natural resources.

Note: I have pretty much translated as it was written on the documents. Some sentences do not make sense, but they are written that way. The source document is a sort of meeting protocol.

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