Another important date has just passed on the electoral process in Bolivia. Yesterday, October 5, was the deadline for the political parties running for office on December 4 to present or file their official programmes to the Electoral Court. All but two political formulas, Frepab and USTB, have met the deadline mandated by law.
So here are the main proposals by parties:
Podemos (Jorge Quiroga)
Name of the plan: Plan podemos
- Nationalization of "(natural) gas benefits". The profits generated by the hydrocarbons sector will be kept in special accounts. These accounts will be administered with social control and distributed by population and poverty indicators.
- Recover Bolivia's significance as a regional energy focus. Diversify markets, industrialize and nationalize the "benefits of the hydrocarbons sector."
- A proposal for the reform of the Constitution will be presented on October 10, 2005. In the Constitutional Assembly it will be proposed the addition of the second round elections (in case no party achieves 50% + 1) and that every deputy and local representative be elected direclty (direct mandate) in each district.
- Acceleration of the process of land redistribution, based on the fact that of the 100 million hectares, only 12 million have been processed. The law should apply to those lands which fulfill a social and productive function and which were legaly asigned.
MAS (Evo Morales)
Name of the plan: A digne, sovereign and productive Bolivia to live in.
- New economic model based on the microenterprise, local coummunity enterprise and the modern enterprise, where the state will be the principal actor. The industrialization of the hydrocarbons, regain control and promote productive activities.
- The nationalization of the natural gas reserves (with out fear) with out the necessity for the foreign energy companies to leave Bolivia. In the last aspect, the necessary legal guarantees should be given.
- A proposal for the Constitutional Assembly to be attended by a group of three representatives of each district. One woman, one representative of the ethnic groups and one representative of middle or higher classes.
- Support land redistribution.
- Reform of the last education reform.
- Expansion of health access.
UN (Samuel Doria)
Name of the plan: Give the face for Bolivia.
- The creation of 5000 small enterprises all over Bolivia.
- Progressive nationalization of the natural gas reserves and the mining industry by progressively buying the shares of the capitalized companies. Additionally, the consolidation of Bolivia as the energy center of the region.
- Every Bolivian must have the same rights to become a delegate in the Consitutional Assembly where the role of the state, autonomic process, the natural resources, economic development , and the relation of society with state heve to be defined.
- Redistribution of 100% of the land. Re-write the law regulating land redistribution. Computerize the process of land redistribution.
- Universal health care with at least one nurse in every rural town.
- Education reform in accordance to the Bolivian reality.
MNR (Michiaki Nagatani)
Name of the plan: Productive participation.
Place emphasis on the municipal level, where the economic resources are already redistributed. A more efficient allocation and administration of resources will have an impact on health, education and employment.
MIP (Felipe Quispe)
Name of the plan: Plan Pachakuti
- Nationalization and industrialization of the hydrocarbons sector to expel foreign companies from Bolivia without any compensation, "even if it cost our lives".
- Constituent Assembly with 100% representation of indigenous groups.
- Confiscation of lands to redistribute them to the indigenous population. Seeks indigenous control of Bolivian land. Abrogation of the current law regulating land redistribution (ley INRA).
- Redesign of education policies. Teaching in original languages.
- Construction of health facilities in every town in the country.
NFR (Gildo Angulo)
Name of the plan: Bolivia: A country for everbody.
- Integration is the key word together with an effective presence of the state around the country.
- Nationalization of the hydrocarbons sector and amendments to the current hydrocarbons law to settle tax and royalties distribution issues.
- Delegates to the Constituent Assembly should be elected directly.
- Land redistribution in accordance to the necessities of indigenous groups, but respecting the law.
- Free education for all where the state is the main actor.
The source for this article was this La Razón's article.