December 11, 2004

Corruption: UN International Anti-Corruption Day

MABB is a registered TM.

According to a public opinion survey, political parties are the institutions most affected by corruption world-wide. These are followed by parliaments, the police and the judiciary. This is according to a report conducted by Transparency International (TI), a leading corruption watchdog in the world.

The aforementioned report was published on December 9, 2004, marking the UN International Anti-Corruption Day.

For this report, 62 countries were surveyed. The score was between 1 (not at all corrupt) and 5 (extremely corrupt). Ecuador, followed by Argentina, India and Peru, scored the highest, highlighting these countries as having the most corrupt political parties in the world.

Bolivia scored 4.5 out of 5 as having extremely corrupt political parties. The legislature scored a 4.3; the judiciary scored 4.0 and the police department scored 4.2. The Bolivian population thinks these political organs and the police department are marred by corruption. If you are familiar with Bolivia, ther is nothing new here. Other sectors like business private sector, medical services, education, registry and permit services, and utilities scored around 3.0. The least perceived sectors were Media, NGOs and religious services which scored 2.8, 2.7 and 2.2 respectively.

Additionally, 44 per cent of the people asked thought corruption had, to a large extent, an effect on the political life of a country. In the same manner, 33 per cent thought corruption had significan and/or moderate effect on business life.

What is a little surprising is when Bolivians were asked whether any member of the family had to pay any kind of bribe in the last 12 months, 21 to 30 per cent answered yes. I would have thought the percentages were higher.

It is a fact that corruption in Bolivia is rampant. The only difference now, is that it's being kept track on.